SCFA – Short-chain fatty acid
MCFA – Medium-chain fatty acid
LCFA – Long-chain fatty acid
The 10:0 or 18:2 ratios under Total Fat refer to the ratio of C:D. 'C' represents carbon atom and 'D' means double bond. A double bond between 2 carbon atoms reduces the number of hydrogens in the chain, making it unsaturated and vulnerable to free radical activities and oxidation.
Coconut oil may also contain trace amounts of phenolic compounds such as protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, coumaric acid and ferulic acid, depending on how the oil is processed. Because these acids may or may not exist, and even if they do they exist in very small amount, so, we don't add them to the nutrition facts of coconut oil above.
As arachidic acid (LCFA, 20:0) exists in coconut oil in the range of 0-0.5%, it's not officially documented as a nutrient in any coconut oil's nutrition labels or facts.
- USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference 16-1 (2004)
- Fatty Acid Composition Of Some Major Oils
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